It is putting a very high value on one's conjectures, to have a man roasted alive because of them Montaigne, Essais From the earliest days philosophers were critical of Christianity. They found no substantial arguments, and pointed out a number of weaknesses in Christian reasoning. Christians for their part were suspicious of philosophy which they regarded as at best unnecessary and at worst the work of Satan.
Carlo Cipollone Educational Director of the Italian Consulate As an educator, I can confirm that Galileo continues to generate great curiosity today, even among the youngest members of our society.
A few days ago I received an email from a nine year-old student. She also requested to meet with me for a chat about this icon of scientific discovery. The question that struck me the most was probably the most difficult to answer: I will aim to give the best response I can, trying to offer a perspective based on the man behind the telescope, the man who influenced countless disciplines.
He changed the way we see the world and more importantly, how we perceive ourselves within it. Everything began four hundred years ago… The writings from the period indicate that many had been convinced that there was nothing left to discover in the world.
However in the 16th century many scientists and philosophers began to review the concept of geocentrism and highlight its inconsistencies with their observations. But it was Copernicus who expanded this into the theory of heliocentrism.
In this context, in JulyGalileo Galilei became aware of a Dutch telescope. He was convinced that the invention would be very useful to search the celestial bodies of outer space. He succeeded in procuring the instrument, but immediately realized that it was little more than a toy, and so he decided to construct one of his own that would better suit his purposes.
On NovemberGalileo pointed his telescope towards the sky. For the first time he observed lunar craters, the stars of the Milky Way, and inhe observed the first four satellites of Jupiter. Though his father wanted him to become a doctor, Galileo thankfully and fortunately for us clandestinely studied mathematics.
Galileo relied on Cigoli to draw realistic depictions of what he saw.
Between andCigoli, corresponding with Galileo and experimenting with perspective projections on curved surfaces, created the Immacolata, a superb fresco in the cupola of the Pauline Chapel of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome.
Here, the one central element is the Virgin Mary, who stands upon a crescent moon clearly pitted and scarred just as Galileo had seen it.
Many others artists were directly influenced by Galileo, like Andrea Pozzo, whose fresco at Saint Ignazio di Loyola church in Rome, gives the illusion of a false dome. Only standing below the center of the ceiling, on top of a marble disc, can a perfect dome be depicted.
As one moves to other parts of the room their perspective begins to change creating a distorted view. The struggle to maintain a relationship with the Church while still developing his scientific ideas: The loss of a privileged position of the Earth in the universe twisted the idea sustained by the Church that the cosmos was created in deference to Man.
He certainly was aware that the Copernican cosmology was not in accordance with the Church and the Holy Scriptures, which attested to the geocentric conception of the Universe.
Paradoxically, the Jesuit scientists of the Roman College praised Galileo for his discoveries, and the prince Federico Cesi named him Academic of Lincei. It seemed as if his new ideas had triumphed. Their principal fear was that his theories would inspire humanity to think freely.Bad News About Christianity, The Persecution of Philosophers.
Roger Bacon (c. –). Bacon, was an English philosopher and Franciscan friar who placed emphasis on the study of nature through empirical methods. Galileo Galilei was born on February 15, , in Pisa in the Duchy of Florence, Italy.
Childhood and Education Galileo was the first of six children born to . Galileo's Effects on Science Today By Oliver VanDervoort; Updated April 23, Galieo Galilei was an Italian astronomer, physicist and mathematician who is widely credited as being the founder and father of modern science. My interest in Galileo was recently piqued by a seminar on data presentation by Edward Tufte (strongly recommended, also his books.) I was looking for an overview of Galileo's work and some context.
Galileo's Telescopes Detailed photographs and measurements of Galileo's original telescopes at IMSS the most percise replicas of these telescopes, Griffith observatory,Adler planetarium, unusual Construction Galileo's telescopes.
"There were formerly horizons within which people lived and thought and mythologized. There are now no more horizons. It is an inevitable, altogether natural thing that when [peoples] that have never met before come into collision -- each bearing its own pride -- there should be a turbulence.