Mesopotamian cuneiform writing alphabet

Videos Learn how to write in Cuneiform.

Mesopotamian cuneiform writing alphabet

Scholars believe Gilgamesh the demi-god mythological character may have descended from legends such as a year reign and superhuman strength told about a historical 5th king of Uruk. Buried under the fantastic stories lies some documentary impulse. On the other hand, Gilgamesh—like all mythology—exists outside of time.

Gilgamesh and Enkidu always kill the Bull of Heaven, again and again forever.

mesopotamian cuneiform writing alphabet

And perhaps the only way to approach some common understanding of myths as both products of their age and as archetypes in realms of pure thought comes through a deep immersion in their historical languages. In the case of Gilgamesh, that means learning the extraordinarily long-lived Akkadiana Mesopotamian language that dates from about 2, BCE to around CE.


In order to do so, archeologists and Assyriologists had to decipher fragments of cuneiform stone tablets like those on which Gilgamesh was discovered. It was used by speakers of several Near Eastern languages including Sumerian, Akkadian, Urartian and Hittite; depending on the language and date of a given script, its alphabet could consist of many hundreds of letters.

Introduction, Critical Edition and Cuneiform Texts.Details of the Sumerian cuneiform script, the world's oldest writing system, which was used to write Sumerian, a semitic language spoken in Mesopotamia (modern day Iraq and Syria) until about AD.

Cuneiform script is one of the oldest known writing forms. It emerged in ‘Sumer’ and is also known as the ‘sumerian cuneiform’. Sumer is a region located in Southern Iraq. Sumerian cuneiform is the earliest known writing system.

Its origins can be traced back to about 8, BC and it developed from the pictographs and other symbols used to represent trade goods and livestock on clay tablets.

Phoenician Alphabet, Mother of Modern Writing ; Phoenician script was the alphabet used for transliterating the Holy Bible in Hebrew.; Evolution of Phoenician into Latin/Western scripts and Arabic/Eastern scripts.

mesopotamian cuneiform writing alphabet

The history of writing traces the development of expressing language by letters or other marks and also the studies and descriptions of these developments.. In the history of how writing systems have evolved over in different human civilizations, more complete writing systems were preceded by proto-writing, systems of ideographic or early mnemonic symbols.

Over time, the need for writing changed and the signs developed into a script we call cuneiform. Over thousands of years, Mesopotamian scribes recorded daily .

Learn how to write Cuneiform - Caroline Ludovici