The complex exchange between parents and children offers the opportunity to influence the child in ways that the typical mom and dad might not even think of on a daily basis. Instead, this term focuses on how the parent acts and reacts to the child.
Parenting Styles While parenting styles do influence adolescent development, adolescents themselves can influence the type of parenting style their parents use.
For instance, an adolescent who always follows the rules may influence their parents to be more lenient whereas an adolescent that breaks the rules may influence their parents to be stricter with rules and discipline. There are six main types of parenting styles: Each of these different parenting styles can influence adolescent development.
Attachment Parenting Attachment parenting is a style of caring with the intent of the parent and child forming a strong emotional bond. Parents who choose this style of parenting often believe in natural childbirth, a family bed, avoidance of corporal punishment, homeschooling and may be part of the anti-vaccination movement McGolerick, Parents that choose this parenting style believe that a strong attachment to the parent helps the child become a more secure, empathic, peaceful human being McGolerick, Attachment parenting instills the ability to self-soothe and manage anxiety in adolescents Markham, Adolescents that grew up with parents who utilized attachment parenting tend to be cooperative with their parents, interact better with peers, learn more rapidly in school, have higher self-esteem, and are more flexible and resilient under stress Markham, In some cases helicopter parenting has led to the development of narcissism, poor coping skills, and an amplification of anxiety and stress Marano, Parents that continue to use helicopter parenting once their child has developed into an adolescent can cause their child to resent them due to feelings of humiliation.
Permissive Parenting Permissive Parenting is a style of nontraditional parenting where the parents tend to avoid setting rules for their children. These types of parents are warm and understanding towards their children; they tend to be lenient to the extreme and avoid using discipline.
Permissive parenting can lead to adolescents learning that rules are not important and that consequences are very light for misbehaviors Kopko, Adolescents that grow up with permissive parents often have trouble with self-control, demonstrate egocentric tendencies, and experience difficulty developing good peer relationships.
An Example of Permissive Parenting 4. Authoritarian Parenting Authoritarian parenting is a punitive style of parenting that is restrictive on children.
Authoritarian parents insist that their adolescent follow directions without argument or discussion Kopko, Authoritarian parenting can lead to two main outcomes: Authoritative Parenting Authoritative parenting is a style of parenting characterized by parents being warm, but firm towards their child.
Authoritative parents typically establish rules and guidelines that they expect their child to follow, however these parents are open to negotiation and discussion McGolerick, Authoritative parents use a type of discipline that is assertive but not restrictive, with the intent being to support rather than punish McGolerick, Adolescents with authoritative parents learn how to negotiate and engage in discussions Kopko, These adolescents end up being socially competent, responsible, and autonomous Kopko, Authoritative Parenting is Ideal 6.
Uninvolved parents are not warm towards their child and they do not place any demands on their adolescent.Parenting styles can have both immediate and lasting effects on children’s social functioning in areas from moral development to peer play to academic achievement.
The studies are clear, however, that authoritative parenting is the best parenting style. But even if you tend to identify with other parenting styles more, there are steps you can take to become a more authoritative parent. Parenting styles can affect how a child builds new skills and abilities.
The complex exchange between parents and children offers the opportunity to influence the child in ways that the typical mom and dad might not even think of on a daily basis.
The influence of parenting styles, achievement motivation, and self-efficacy on academic performance in college students. Journal of College Student Development, 50(3), SHARE. Parenting Styles and the Effects They Have on a Child's Behavior COM/ February 9, Jacqueline Lance Based on three parenting styles and the atmosphere that those parenting styles may produce, there are common effects of each style on the behavior of a .
Parenting styles can have both immediate and lasting effects on children’s social functioning in areas from moral development to peer play to academic achievement.