Yet companies are increasingly expected to go beyond this. With increasing expectations placed on business, this book asks if CSR is capable of delivering on these larger expectations.
The general research objective is to explore the CSR issues faced by multinational companies in oil and mining projects.
Oil and mining projects, by their very nature, disrupt natural and social fabric of the project sites. Most of such projects are mired in controversies ranging from human rights to environment. MNCs, on the other hand, face the challenge of policy implementation across different markets without affecting their brand equity or shareholder value.
Most literature on the oil industry focuses on the economic and developmental aspects such projects bring. Non transparency of oil revenue has also been studied in detail Collier and Hoffler, Literature on resource curse implies that companies moving into such countries should realize their heightened responsibility as local institutional mechanisms are absent.
This leads to a more important role of CSR for Csr for cnooc and mining projects. There are diverse theories and perspectives on the role and responsibilities of corporations Frederick, and Donaldson, that one could relate to CSR.
Research on CSR in Asia in particular and developing countries in general has been relatively less when compared to other parts of the world Muller, Kolk, The study concluded, significantly, that MNCs are more likely to adopt CSR than those operating Csr for cnooc in their home country though the nature of their CSR activities is more in sync with country of operation rather than country of origin.
The sociological context of CSR development and implementation changed in the post-Suharto era with the government recognizing the importance of stakeholders. The Ministry of Environment took the lead in initiating a regulatory framework and identified community development as a crucial area Achda, 1 www.
Muller and Kolk studies CSR performance in the Mexican auto industry concluding local companies also engage in CSR related activities which are comparable to their global peers. Thus there is a gap in the literature for research on CSR by oil and mining companies.
Methodology Research Objective The objective of this descriptive research was to contribute to the knowledge of CSR practices and challenges faced by BP in its Indonesian operations.
As the elements of which the CSR practice should consist were not yet known and, therefore, must be discovered in this research, and also because finding and describing a design does not involve the discovery and testing of causal relations between variables, a descriptive case study was found to be appropriate.
Research Strategy The case focused on broad CSR issues instead of micro details of each of the programmes. Intending to describe the challenges faced in oil and mining projects, it gives some of the important issues and events to highlight the challenges BP faced in Indonesia.
These were the deciding factors for selecting BP and its Tangguh project. Both were also representative of the CSR practices and challenges faced in oil and mining projects.
BP has been considered as a pioneer in CSR and sustainability related practices in the industry and was considered a fit candidate for this research.
BP intended to establish a dominant presence in the Indonesian natural gas market with its proposed development of the Tangguh LNG liquefied natural gas project.
The project, located in the Bintuni Bay area of West Papua, Indonesia was scheduled to come up in an area having rich ecological diversity. Many NGO Non governmental organizations and activists groups claimed that the project would lead to irreversible and irreparable damage to the social and environmental system.
Construction work was scheduled to start in and commercial production in From the very outset, BP had tried to promote Tangguh as a model project for social empowerment and sustainable development.
Data source, collection and presentation In spite of its gaining importance, CSR was a closely guarded topic when it came to data collection at the time of this research One reason, as the case revealed, was the controversial and sensitive nature of the issues.
Request for information was denied or ignored from the company, stakeholders and relevant government agencies. Language problem might have also been responsible lack of primary data. However, rich sources of documents were available in the public domain internet from different stakeholder groups: Data obtained was presented in the form that will facilitate teaching and understanding.
Limitation One limitation of the research is the lack of primary data which could have revealed more about the issues. We hope that by analyzing documents from multiple sources, part of this limitation has been addressed. One implication of this case is the possibility to develop theory oriented research or practice oriented research.
Future research may focus on replication strategy or longitudinal study to develop better understanding of the CSR issues and challenges e. Researchers should note a peculiar problem faced during the preparation of this case study.
The company was renamed the British Petroleum company in Inwhen the UK government sold off its Between andthe global workforce was reduced fromto 56, The company completed a merger with Amoco, another global oil company.
In the upstream activities of exploration and production, the company was active in 29 countries with operations in 23 countries. BP was the largest producer of oil and gas in the US, and the second largest marketer of gasoline.
Downstream, BP had gas sales contracts in 25 countries, refineries in 23 countries and more than 28, service stations.CSR means different things to practitioners seeking to implement CSR inside companies than it does to researchers trying to establish CSR as a discipline.
they can be frustrating. For example. while Islam and the medieval Christian church publicly condemned certain business practices.
There are three major state-owned oil companies: China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation (Sinopec) and China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC), which constitute our research sample to analyze the adoption of CSR strategies.
Especially during the financial crisis people have more concerns about their own situation. We are not going to go out and buy foreign companies, but are going to look for opportunities to work together with them so we both can grow.
Chinese companies going global have key projects in developing nations, yet they often pay scant attention to corporate social responsibility (CSR) guidelines.
As part of its Corporate Social Responsibility, CSR, Total Group in Nigeria (Total Nigeria Plc, Total Upstream Companies in Nigeria and its OML partners NNPC/NAPIMS, CNOOC, Petrobras, and. CNOOC SES Ltd, a multinational Oil & Gas company based in Jakarta is seeking qualified professional to join the team. Responsibilities: Coordinates and provides technical service in all aspects of electrical submersible pumping (ESP) for artificial lift to ensure maximum efficiency of Hydrocarbon Recovery. Communication on Progress Participant. China National Offshore Oil Corp. (CNOOC) Published. /07/12 Time period. January – December
For future success, CSR is indispensable. CSR Review CNOOC's Annual Report  highlights the following achievement in corporate social responsibility: The company received the award for “Best Chinese Company” in the “Corporate Governance Asia Recognition Awards ".
The analysis covered the reports of 10 Western multinational companies (Shell, BP, Chevron, Exxon, Statoil, Norsk Hydro, Total, ENI, Repsol and OMV) and 10 multinational companies from emerging markets (China National Offshore Oil Corporation/CNOOC, China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation/Sinopec, Lukoil, Gazprom, MOL, Petrobras, Petronas, PKN Orlen, PTT and Sasol).